Da Hong Pao (Big Red Robe) is the most famous of the Wuyi Rock Oolong Teas.
The name of this tea cultivar seems to have originated from one of two legendary stories. The first one is that in the past the tea was grown on steep cliffs and rock faces and the monks in the temple trained monkeys to pluck the tea. When the monkey plucked the tea, they will dress them in a red vest or robe – thus the name Da Hong Pao (Big Red Robe). The second story is that several hundred years ago, a student went to the capital city to take part in the Imperial Exam. While travelling on his way there he became seriously ill. The monks in a nearby temple of Wuyi offered him accommodation. These monks made tea plucked from the tea plants in the rocks nearby the temple to give him to drink in order to cure his illness. The student recovered and he went on his way to the capital for the exam. It turned out that he was picked as the no.1 student by the emperor in the final Imperial Exam and he became an Imperial Official. Later when he went back to his hometown he was so thankful for the monks and the tea they served him that he took off the red robe he was wearing and used it to cover the tea trees on the rocky slopes. Later these tea trees were given the name Da Hong Pao.